A 'super blue blood moon eclipse' is coming

Supermoons, meteor shower to light up the sky this January

A total lunar eclipse happens when the moon enters the darkest part of the earth's shadow, called the umbra. What makes the super moon also a blue moon is the flawless, dual timing of the second full moon of the month (a blue moon) - a rare occurrence in itself - and the moment when the moon is closest to Earth in its orbit, making it appear bigger and brighter than usual.

The first eclipse of 2018 will be a lunar one that comes at the very end of the month, on January 31. As the moon rises, it will head farther west into western Asia, the Indian continent, Middle East and Eastern Europe.

On January 31, it will happen in the middle of the night, when the Pacific Ocean faces the moon. Alaska and Hawaii will also catch a glimpse of this eclipse.

Because we already experienced a full moon on January 1, the second will be a blue moon.

NASA has announced that the supermoon at the end of the month will feature a total lunar eclipse.

First, it's a Supermoon, meaning that it will appear larger and as much as 30 per cent brighter than normal.

Taking place once in every two years and eight months on average, a blue moon, named after the rarity of its occurrence, is a second full moon within a month. During this event, certain wavelengths of light from the sun pass through the Earth's atmosphere and reflect onto the moon, turning it a dramatic red colour. To answer that question, we consulted the reference book Canon of Lunar Eclipses, 1500 B.C. - A.D.

The next total lunar eclipse of a blue moon is said to occur on 31 December, 2028. This occurrence on its own isn't almost as rare as the blue moon, supermoon, and lunar eclipse combination we'll see at the same time - rather, occurring around once every two and a half years. When these events coincide (a full moon at perigee), some people refer to the event as a "supermoon". Some people including Nasa are referring to it as a super blue blood moon, and whatever you call it, it will make for a attractive, unusual night. This occurrence is also known as "blood moon", based on the reddish hue. A scientist, Noah Petro, from the Goddard Space Flight of NASA confirmed that the supermoons provide the people a rare but great chance to see the moon on the closest distance to Earth.

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